Knives have been made from multiple layers of steel for centuries now. Since day one, the production process has mainly involved drawing on the various properties possessed by the types of steel being processed in order to combine resistance to corrosion with a sharp cutting edge. To date, classic Damascus steel knives have been created in a highly-sophisticated production process. Over the years, however, other production processes have caught on and nowadays, the striking look and protective properties of Damascus steel are achieved through using multi-layer steel. To this end, the ultra-hard core of the blade is encased in at least two softer roughened layers of steel, which are then fused together. The hot steel is then rolled out, subjected to more heat and sandblasted. This process is repeated once again after the steel has cooled down. Blanks are then cut out of this multi-layer material which has been firmly welded together, before being misshapen so that the straight layers transform into the waved pattern characteristic of Damascus steel. The blank is then cut into the desired blade shape and further processed until a knife is created. This highly-sophisticated production process has its advantages in that the pattern which appears on the blade is individual and distinctive, and the steel layers which surround the core play a protective role. The grind is the only place where the ultra-hard core is on show, meaning that any premature corrosion or breakages are avoided, but the cutting edge is razor-sharp. There is a fine balance to be struck when it comes to the hardness of the material: if the steel is too soft, then the knife will quickly turn blunt, but if it’s too hard, the knife can break easily. ZWILLING has optimized the hardening process so optimum material hardness can be achieved.